一九二七年年初，林茂生以公費赴美留學，進入哥倫比亞大學 Teacher’s College就讀，在教育哲學家杜威(John Dewey)及門羅(Paul Monroe)門下先於一九二八年取得文學碩士，後再攻讀博士學位。一九二九年十一月，他以「日本統治下台灣的學校教育：其發展以及文化問題之歷史的與分析的研究」為論文題目獲得哲學博士學位，是台灣史上獲得哲學博士的第一人。
The First Ph.D. of Taiwanese
Translated by Ming-Chih Lin
Dr. MoSei Lin was born in the City of Tainan in Taiwan on October 30th, 1887. His father, Pastor Ian-Chen Lin was a scholar certified by the Ching Dynasty government and his mother, Koan Kuo, was a daughter of a scholar certified by the Ching Dynasty government. As a result, he was raised up and well trained in a family rich in traditional Chinese literature. He was smart and eager to learn. When he was two, he was able to memorize poetry and literature and, when he was five, he even received an award for reciting poetry before local governmental officials.
In 1904, he went to study in the Presbyterian Church High School where his father taught. Because of his outstanding performance, the Principal of the high school invited him to teach geography and arithmetic. For he was both a teacher and a student, his schoolmates gave him a nickname “half-teacher.”
In 1907, after Dr. MoSei graduated from the Presbyterian Church High School, he was sent by the church to study in Dashisha in Japan. After a year, he passed the entrance exam and started studying liberal art in the Third Higher School in Kyoto. After he graduated from the Third Higher School, he was admitted into the most reputable college in Japan, Tokyo Imperial University, and majored in Eastern Philosophy.
During his stay in Japan, Dr. MoSei was very close to young people from Taiwan. In 1915, Taiwanese oversea students started an organization later called Taiwanese Young Men Association in Tokyo, highlighting “Enrich homeland love, honor the spirit of self-awareness, promote the development of Taiwanese culture.” Dr. MoSei Lin was the first chairman of this association.
In 1916, he graduated from the Department of Philosophy of the Liberal Arts College in Tokyo Imperial University and became the first Taiwanese to receive the Bachelor of Liberal Arts. He returned to Returned to Taiwan immediately after his graduation and started his teaching career in the Presbyterian Church High School and, also, in Tainan Normal School and Tainan Higher Commercial College.
In addition to teaching, he was also very concerned with the future development of Taiwanese people and culture. The Taiwan Culture Association established in the Year of 1921 by Mr. WeiShui Jiang and other Taiwan intellectuals and leaders also invited Dr. MoSei Lin to be the Councilor through Mr. Hsien-Tang Lin. He taught philosophy, western civilization, and other subjects in many of the summer schools and symposiums hosted by Taiwan Culture Association.
Early in Year 1927, through government funding, he went to study oversea in the Teacher’s College in Columbia University in the United States of America. He studied under Dr. John Dewey and Dr. Paul Monroe. He first received his Master degree in Liberal Arts in 1928 and continued to study his doctoral degree. In November of 1929, he received his Ph.D. degree with his thesis on “Public Education in Formosa under The Japanese Administration: Historical and Analytical Study of the Development and the Cultural Problems.” He was the first Taiwanese to receive the degree of Ph.D.
During his study in the U.S., he lived in the International House of New York. It so happened that Riverside Church New York was under construction by Rockefeller, the rich merchant. This church was right next to the International House of New York. The church invited the international students who lived in the International House to write “God is love” in their own language so they might be printed on the stain glass of the church. Dr. MoSei was invited to write in Chinese and the four Chinese characters he wrote are still on the stain glass of Riverside Church today.
After he returned to Taiwan from the U.S., he was invited to be a professor in Tainan Higher Technical School and be the deans of the departments of English and German. After World War II ended, Dr. MoSei Lin was invited to be a professor in Taiwan University and be the Acting Dean of the Liberal Arts College in Taiwan University. In addition, he was invited to be the President of Taiwan People News. Afterwards, he was innocently killed in the 228 Incident in 1947, one of the many Taiwan intellectuals victimized in that tragic event.
Source from 林明志
Posted in 01/2021